Rishi panchamiRishi panchami is observed on the fifth day of the waxing moon fortnight of Bhadrapada month (August – September). It is celebrated on the next day of Ganesh chaturti. In 2015, Rishi panchami is on 18th September(Friday). Let us know more about Rishi panchami in this article.

Significance of Rishi Panchami

Rishi panchami is observed by women to pay respect and gratitude towards ancient sages or Rishis. In real sense, Rishi panchami is not a festival. It is a vrat or obligation observed by devout women. Hence it is also called Rishi panchami vrata.

Both married and unmarried women observe this vrata. Women believe that by this pooja they get rid of the reactions of offenses committed during their menstrual period. They worship sapta rishis namely: Kashyap, Vishwamitra, Gautam, Atri, Bharadwaj, Janadagni and Vashishtha.

Legend of Rishi Panchami

Long back there was a king called Sitasale. He asked Brahma to tell about a fast that can eradicate all sins of past lives. Lord Brahma narrated a story of Brahmana whose daughter faced so many problems. The brahmana’s daugther became widow soon after her marriage. She was badly bitten by worms and suffered miserably.

In order to know the cause of her daughter’s sufferings Brahmana started meditation. He could see that in previous life his daughter offended by entering into kitchen on the day of menstruation. And she did not perform purificatory process of observing vrata. Upon realizing this, Brahmana’s daughter observed this vrata and purified herself.

Rishi Panchami Vrata – Observation

Women observe this vrata by paying homage to Sapta rishis. They observe strict fast on this day. They go to water bodies like rivers and take holy bath. They clean their hands 108 times and worship Arundati.

Women arrange altar for Saptarishi on a small wooden platform.They offer their obligations by performing poojas to the deities. Some women observe this fast by eating fruits which grow below the soil. They hear katha of Rishi panchami and break their fasts on the next day.


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