When is Paryushan in 2013? – 2013 Paryushan falls on Tuesday, 10th September.
Paryushan or Paryusan is the most important festival of the Jains. The word ‘Paryushan’ means abiding or getting together. It is celebrated from the 4th to the 14th day of the bright lunar half of the month of Bhadra (mid-August to mid-September). Paryushan is celebrated throughout 10 days during the time when wandering aesthetics take up a temporary residence for the monsoon season.
Legend of Paryushan
The Paryushan Prava was originally initiated by Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism. The origin of the festival is related to the temporary residence of traveling monks to a particular place for the period of Chaturmas which means the ‘four months of rainy season’.
Celebration of Paryushan
People observe a fast for the period of 10 days. Every day they meditate and renew their faith by reflecting on their spiritual journey. They also conduct various rituals during the day for the purification of their souls. They undertake a pledge to lead a respectable life and also ask forgiveness for their lawlessness. For nine days people follow a life of austerity consuming boiled and puffed rice between 6 to 9 pm. On the 10th day, which is the last day of the festival, they break their fast and a banquet is prepared which is a community affair.
Significance of Paryushan
The period of Paryushan signifies asking for pardon to the Lord by Jains for the sins committed by them. Fasting is also considered auspicious as it purifies the souls and increases knowledge and wisdom. This festival increases the spiritual power and unites all Jains to one soul. It also inspires them to vow that they will reduce the faults in themselves. The significance of the festival is to make the Jains aware of the life force that dwells within all animate and inanimate objects. It makes them review their attitude towards all objects of creation around them.